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C program to implement LSD Radix sort algorithm

Here, we are going to learn how to implement LSD Radix sort algorithm using C program?
Submitted by Nidhi, on August 15, 2021

Problem Solution:

Here, we will create an array of integers with 5 items. Then we will implement LSD Radix sort to arrange array elements in ascending order and then print sorted array.

Program:

The source code to implement the LSD Radix sort algorithm is given below. The given program is compiled and executed using GCC compile on UBUNTU 18.04 OS successfully.

// C program to implement
// LSD Radix sort algorithm

#include <stdio.h>

void lsdRadixSort(int arr[], int arr1[], int len)
{
    int i = 0;
    int j = 0;
    int k = 0;
    int t = 0;

    int min = 0;
    int tmp = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
        arr1[i] = arr[i];

    for (k = 0; k < 3; k++) {
        for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
            min = arr[i] % 10;
            t = i;
            for (j = i + 1; j < len; j++) {
                if (min > (arr[j] % 10)) {
                    min = arr[j] % 10;
                    t = j;
                }
            }

            tmp = arr1[t];
            arr1[t] = arr1[i];
            arr1[i] = tmp;

            tmp = arr[t];
            arr[t] = arr[i];
            arr[i] = tmp;
        }
        for (j = 0; j < len; j++)
            arr[j] = arr[j] / 10;
    }
}
int main()
{
    int arr[5] = { 53, 36, 46, 22, 19 };
    int arr1[5];

    int i = 0;

    lsdRadixSort(arr, arr1, 5);

    printf("Sorted Array: \n");
    for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
        printf("%d ", arr1[i]);
    printf("\n");

    return 0;
}

Output:

Sorted Array:
19 22 36 46 53

Explanation:

In the above program, we created two functions lsdRadixSort() and main(). The lsdRadixSort() is used to arrange array items in ascending order.

In the main() function, we created an array of integers arr with 5 elements. Then we sorted the elements of the array using lsdRadixSort() and printed the sorted array.

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