C Program to Cyclically Permute the Elements of an Array

Here, we are implementing a C program, which will cyclically permute the elements of an array.
Submitted by Radib Kar, on December 12, 2018

Problem statement: Write a c program to cyclically permute the element of an array. (In right to left direction). Array should be taken as input from the user.

Explanation with example:

Let the user input for the array be: 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 34 56 1

The cyclic permutation operation on the array results in rotation of the array by one position in right to left direction.

Thus the array becomes: 5 6 7 8 10 11 34 56 1 4

i.e. the first element becomes the last element & the rest of the elements are shifted by one position.


    To shift the (i+1)th element to the left 
    can be easily done only by:
    A[i] =A[i+1]; // A is the input array

    So it may seem that the entire shifting can be done by
    For i =0:n-1
        A[i] =A[(i+1)%n];
    End For
    But this will lead to wrong solution since for i=n-1
    A[n-1]=A[0] which is correct statement but A[0] has been 
    updated already. This code snippet will result in 
    A[0] & A[n-1] to be same which is actually wrong. 

    So what we need to do is to store A[0] ( staring element) 
    and assign this value to A[n-1]

    Thus, a little modification can lead to correct solution:
    1.  Set temp to A[0]
    2.  For i=0:n-1
            If i==n-1
                A[i]=temp; //actually it means A[n-1]=A[0]
            End If
        End For

    3.  Print the updated array.

C Implementation for Cyclically Permute the Elements of an Array

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

//function to print the array
void print(int* a,int n){
	printf("printing ........\n");
	for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
		printf("%d ",a[i]);

int* cyclicallyPermute(int* a,int n){
	int temp=a[0];//store a[0]

	for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
		//for the last element in the modified array 
		//it will be starting elemnt    
		//for other element shift left    

	return a;    

int main()
	int n;
	printf("enter array length,n: ");
	//allocating array dynamically
	int* a=(int*)(malloc(sizeof(int)*n));

	printf("enter elements: \n");
	//taking input
	for(int i=0;i<n;i++)

	printf("array before permutation\n");
	//function to permute cyclically
	//returning base adress of modified array

	printf("array after permutation\n");

	return 0;


enter array length,n: 10
enter elements:
4 5 6 7 8 10 11 34 56 1
array before permutation
printing ........
4 5 6 7 8 10 11 34 56 1
array after permutation
printing ........
5 6 7 8 10 11 34 56 1 4 

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