# Reversal Algorithm of Array Rotation

Learn about the Reversal Algorithm of Array Rotation and its implementation using C++ program.
Submitted by Vikneshwar GK, on February 12, 2022

Consider an integer array of size n and an integer d. The task at hand is to rotate the elements anti-clockwise by d elements, i.e., place the first d elements at the end of the array by pushing the remaining elements to the front.

Example:

```Input:
array[]= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
d = 3

Output:
array[] = {4, 5, 1, 2, 3}

Input:
array[]= {10, 20, 30, 40, 50}
d = 1

Output:
array[]= {20, 30, 40, 50, 10}
```

Solution: Reversal algorithm

This algorithm divides the array into two groups. The first group consists of array elements from 0 to d-1 and the second group from d to n-1, where n is the length of the array. It involves the following steps:

• Reverse the array[0..d-1]
• Reverse the array[d..n-1]
• Reverse the array completely
• Print the array

Consider the following example:

• If array[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} and d = 3,
• After 1st reversal, array will be array[] = {3, 2, 1, 4, 5, 6}
• After 2nd reversal, array will be array[] = {3, 2, 1, 6, 5, 4}
• After 3rd reversal, array will be array[] = {4, 5, 6, 1, 2, 3}

C++ Implementation:

```#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

// Function to reverse the array
void arrayReverse(int array[], int begin, int end)
{
while (begin < end) {
int temp = array[begin];
array[begin] = array[end];
array[end] = temp;
begin++;
end--;
}
}

// Function to rotate the array by reversing
void rotate(int array[], int d, int length)
{
if (d == 0)
return;

// case to handle when d greater than length
d = d % length;

// array reverse
arrayReverse(array, 0, d - 1);
arrayReverse(array, d, length - 1);
arrayReverse(array, 0, length - 1);
}

// Function to print the array
void printArray(int array[], int length)
{
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)
cout << array[i] << " ";
cout << endl;
}

// Main function
int main()
{
int array, N, d;

cout << "Enter Number of elements: ";
cin >> N;

for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
cout << "Enter element " << i + 1 << ":";
cin >> array[i];
}
cout << "Enter the value of d: ";
cin >> d;

rotate(array, d, N);
cout << "Rotated Array" << endl;
printArray(array, N);

return 0;
}
```

Output:

```Enter Number of elements: 6
Enter element 1:2
Enter element 2:4
Enter element 3:6
Enter element 4:8
Enter element 5:10
Enter element 6:12
Enter the value of d: 4
Rotated Array
10 12 2 4 6 8
```

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the array.

Preparation

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