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Characteristics of Management Information System (MIS)



In this article, we are going to learn about the characteristics of Management Information System (M.I.S.).
Submitted by Brajesh Kumar Shrivash, on March 21, 2018

Following are the key characteristics of MIS:

  1. System approach:
    MIS follows the system approach, which implies a step by step approach to the study of system and its performance in the light of the objective for which it has been constituted. It means taking an inclusive view at sub-systems to operate within an organization.
  2. Management-oriented:
    The management-oriented characteristic of MIS implies that top-down approach needs to be followed for designing MIS. A top-down method says the initiation of system development determines management requirements as well as business goals. MIS implies the management dynamically to the system development towards the completion of management decision.
  3. As per requirements:
    The design and development of MIS should be as per the information required by the managers. The required design and development information is at different levels, viz., strategic planning, management control and operational control. It means MIS should cater to the specific needs of managers in the hierarchy of an organization.
  4. Future-oriented:
    The design and development of MIS should also be future purpose so that the system is not restricted to provide only the past information.
  5. Integrated:
    A complete MIS is a combination of its multiple sub-components to provide the relevant information to take out a useful decision. An integrated system, which blends information from several operational areas, is a necessary characteristic of MIS.
  6. Common data flows:
    This concept supports numerous basic views of system analysis such as avoiding duplication, combining similar functions and simplifying operations. The expansion of common data flow is a cost-effectively and logical concept.
  7. Long-term planning:
    MIS should always develop as a long term planning because it involves logical planning to get success of an organization. While developing MIS, the analyst should keep future oriented analysis and needs of the company in mind.
  8. Relevant connection of sub-system planning:
    The MIS development should be decomposing into its related sub-systems. These sub-systems must be meaningful with proper planning.
  9. Central database:
    it contains data in tabular form. The data base is responsible to operations like insertion, deletion, updation of records. This database covers information related to inventory, personnel, vendors, customers, etc. the data stored in the database.

Reference: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS BCA -302






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