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Information System in Manufacturing

In this tutorial, are will learn about the Information System in Manufacturing, Elements of a manufacturing information system, etc. By IncludeHelp Last updated : June 01, 2023

What is an Information System in Manufacturing?

An information system that is specially designed to automate manufacturing activities in an organization is known as manufacturing MIS.

To track the movement of materials and goods in the enterprise, a standard manufacturing MIS is used. Raw materials or parts are converted into finished goods in a manufacturing process and a manufacturing MIS is used at every point.

In a manufacturing MIS, some of the typical subsystems include design and engineering, planning of production, inventory management, process control, and quality control.

information system in manufacturing

Fig 1: Manufacturing Information System

Elements of a Manufacturing Information System

The structure of a manufacturing information system has described below. The key components of the Manufacturing information system are as follows –

  1. Business Transaction
  2. Transaction Processing System
  3. Operational database
  4. Internal database
  5. External Database
  6. Database of validation Transactions
  7. Manufacturing MIS
  8. Manufacturing Application Database
  9. Manufacturing Decision Support System
  10. Manufacturing Executive System

The description of these elements is as follows -

  1. Business Transaction - The transaction which occurs at a third party and records in MIS as a historic record so that it can be used for analysis whenever required.
  2. Transaction Processing System - An Enterprise Information System (EIS) is a type of information system called "Transactions Processing System (TPS)" that is capable of storing, recording, updating, and retrieving the enterprise's transaction data. While transaction processing systems need to be able to have highly consistent response times, this is a very important feature when it comes to trading systems.
  3. Operational database - a database is an operational database that is designed to operate or run the day-to-day operations of your business. It also has a strong ability to act as an analytic engine, either through dashboards and web-based solutions or supporting the ability to incorporate analytics into organizational processes.
  4. External database - a database in which internal documents of organizations store. An internal database is a collection of one of your company's records, gathered from employees using an internet-connected device. Digital files consist of decentralized, encrypted data, which are not known to anyone and include details such as, which purchases made up items.
  5. Internal Database - a database in which internal records of organizations store. Internal database - a database in which internal records of organizations store. An internal database is a compilation of company data collected by employees using Internet-connected computers. Decentralized digital databases provide data about the information on our business and customer activity in an electronic type of data.
  6. Database of validation transactions - the validations of transaction refers to the accuracy and completeness of the information.
  7. Marketing MIS - the marketing information system includes the systematic selection, analysis, interpretation, preservation, and distribution of all of the consumer information that is available to the company.
  8. Marketing DSS - marketing decision support systems is an information system that assists with decision making in the development of a marketing strategy.
  9. Marketing ES - marketing executive systems are intended to be used by the senior managers in decisions making.
  10. Manufacturing OutputsManufacturing MIS output can be collected in the form of hard copies as well as in computerized form.

Overall Manufacturing MIS supports manufacturing business activities. These are as follows -

  • Design and engineering
  • Scheduling manufacturing departments activities
  • Quality control
  • Manufacturing resource planning
  • Just-in-time inventory and manufacturing
  • Process control
  • Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
  • MRP reports
  • Quality control and testing

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