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Judiciary – Class 11 Political Science MCQs

This section contains the multiple-choice questions and answers on Judiciary for class 11 political science.

Judiciary MCQs

1. The principal role of the judiciary is?

  1. To protect rules of laws
  2. To ensure the supremacy of law
  3. Both A and B
  4. To act head

Answer: C) Both A and B


The principal role of the judiciary is to protect rule of law and to ensure the supremacy of law.

2. Which one of the following is an independent organ of the state?

  1. Legislature
  2. Executive
  3. Judiciary
  4. Lok Sabha

Answer: C) Judiciary


Judiciary is an independent organ of the state.

3. Who is not involved in the process of appointment of judges?

  1. Judiciary
  2. Legislature
  3. Executive
  4. Supreme court

Answer: B) Legislature


The legislature is not involved in the process of appointment of judges.

4. When did the supreme court come into existence?

  1. 28th January 1950
  2. 26th January 1950
  3. 15th January 1949
  4. 28th January 1949

Answer: A) 28th January 1950


The Supreme Court of India also came into existence and its first sitting was held on 28th January 1950.

5. The judges of the supreme court are appointed by whom?

  1. The president
  2. Both president and PM
  3. PM
  4. Ministers

Answer: A) The president


The judges of the supreme court are appointed by the President.

6. How many high courts were there in India?

  1. 4
  2. 24
  3. 25
  4. 26

Answer: C) 25


There are 25 High Courts in India.

7. How many supreme courts are there in India?

  1. 7
  2. 18
  3. 0
  4. 1

Answer: D) 1


There is only 1 Supreme Court in India.

8. How many judges are there currently in the supreme court?

  1. 18
  2. 33
  3. 34
  4. 12

Answer: B) 33


There are currently 33 judges (including the chief justice of India) who comprise the Supreme Court of India.

9. What age criteria are set for the retirement of judges of the supreme court?

  1. 70
  2. 55
  3. 65
  4. 68

Answer: D) 68


Judges of the Supreme Court retire at age of 68.

10. CJI stands for?

  1. Chief Justice of India
  2. Chief judiciary of India
  3. Called judge of India
  4. Complete judge of India

Answer: A) Chief Justice of India


CJI stands for Chief Justice of India.

11. Who is the current CJI of India?

  1. Sharad Arvind Bobde
  2. Venkata ramana
  3. Nuthulapati
  4. M.R jayakar

Answer: A) Sharad Arvind Bobde


The current CJI, Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde is the 47th Chief Justice of India.

12. Who is the first CJI of India?

  1. M. R Jayakar
  2. H. J. Kania
  3. Nuthulapati
  4. Shankaracharya Govinda

Answer: B) H. J. Kania


H. J. Kania was the first Chief Justice of India.

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