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What is the full form of 2D?

Full form of 2D: Here, we are going to learn what does 2D stands for? 2D – which is an abbreviation of "Two Dimensional" in Computer Acronyms/Abbreviations, etc.
Submitted by Anushree Goswami, on March 22, 2020

2D: Two Dimensional

2D is an abbreviation of "Two-Dimensional".

It is the dimension of any virtual object that has no manifestation of profundity. For example, if a graphic or picture representation of a computer is in 2-D, then it can only be sighted directly on, however, the 3-D version of a graphic or picture representation of a computer could be sighted from any angle.

  • 2-D computer graphics is time and again used in applications that were first expanded around conventional printing and drawing technologies.
  • Applications and Technologies, whose examples are typography, cartography, technical drawing, and advertising, used 2-D computer graphics in the beginning. In those applications, the two-dimensional picture representation is not only a demonstration of a real-world entity but also a self-sufficient work of art with additional semantic value.
  • Two-dimensional representations are time and again chosen for the reason that they provide highly straight control of the picture representation than 3-D computer graphics, whose method of representation is high of the same kind to photography in comparison to the typography.
  • In the company of desktop publishing, engineering, and business, a 2-D computer graphic can be to a great extent less significant in comparison to the subsequent digital image representation, repeatedly by a factor of 1/1000 or more. This representation is also highly pliable because it can be turned into a variety of resolutions for different output devices. Due to these reasons, documents and illustrations are time and again repeatedly stored or transmitted as 2-D graphic files.
  • In the 1950s, 2-D computer graphics began based on vector graphics devices. These vector graphics devices were fundamentally succeeded by raster-based devices in the subsequent decades. The PostScript language and the X Window System protocol were milestone expansion and growth in the field.

2D Graphics Hardware

In the late 1970s to 1980s, conventional 2D graphics chips and graphics processing units, used in 8-bit to near the beginning 16-bit, arcade games, video game consoles, and home computers, comprise:

  • Atari's TIA, ANTIC, CTIA and GTIA
  • Capcom's CPS-A and CPS-B
  • Commodore's OCS
  • MOS Technology's VIC and VIC-II
  • Fujitsu's MB14241
  • Hudson Soft's Cynthia and HuC6270
  • NEC's μPD7220 and μPD72120
  • Ricoh's PPU and S-PPU
  • Sega's VDP, Super Scaler, 315-5011/315-5012 and 315-5196/315-5197
  • Texas Instruments' TMS9918
  • Yamaha's V9938, V9958 and YM7101 VDP

Reference: 2D Computer Graphics

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